HIV case studies

Case study: Mother to child transmission

The French Red Cross is helping to prevent mother to unborn child HIV transmissions (vertical transmissions) through counselling, screening and medical care at daycare centres in African countries.

In Pointe-Noire, Congo, a mother-child unit within the HIV/AIDS daycare centre offers testing and counselling to pregnant women. HIV-positive women are offered free care and treatment.

Case study: Emergencies and disasters

Refugees and displaced people are frequently exposed to sexual violence and rape. The IFRC and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) work to protect reproductive health in complex emergencies.

Communities in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe cannot cope with the food crisis facing South Africa, and the HIV pandemic is linked to this. People with HIV need adequate food to fight infections like tuberculosis, which accelerates the development of AIDS. National Societies deliver food packages to people living with HIV.

Case study: Migrants and mobile workers

Since 1994, the Asian Red Cross Red Crescent AIDS Task Force (ART) has worked with National Societies on cross-border initiatives for migrants, for example between Laos, China and Myanmar and between Thailand and Cambodia. Up to 500,000 undocumented migrants live in the Thai provinces that border Myanmar.

In Myanmar, an estimated 1 in 50 adults is infected already. The IFRC country delegation, the Myanmar Red Cross Society and partners such as the Australian Red Cross, work on diverse health projects in the eastern Shan state.  HIV work focuses on prevention through peer education.

Case study: Youth

Since 1994 the Red Cross Society of China and the Australian Red Cross have worked on an HIV project in the provinces of Yunnan and Xinjiang. Some 25,000 young people have been reached through peer education, awareness and anti-stigma events.

The projects have been selected by UNAIDS as examples of best practice in China.

Case study:  HIV discrimination project in Cambodia and Mongolia

The Asian Red Cross Red Crescent AIDS (ART) Network HIV Discrimination Project began in early 2005 with the aim of reducing HIV stigma and discrimination in the Asia Pacific region, particularly in the health care system.

In a year, a pilot project in Cambodia and Mongolia produced:

  • an Asian Red Cross model HIV workplace policy (then used by other National Societies in the region)
  • an Asian Red Cross Health Care Worker HIV discrimination training and resources package
  • a regional support mechanism for people living with HIV and others affected by HIV

Case study: Uniformed services

The Cambodian Red Cross has launched a peer education programme to reduce HIV transmission from high-risk groups like sex workers. Policemen, who have unprotected sex with prostitutes and then spread the infection more widely, have taken part learning about HIV and its transmission. Around 2,100 of the  3,800 policemen in the Kampung Cham province have so far been on the programme.

The Australian and Swedish Red Cross Societies, the OPEC Fund for International Development, FHI Impact, the Policy Project and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria fund this initiative.

Case study: Psychological support

In 1993 the IFRC and the Danish Red Cross established the Federation Reference Centre for Psychosocial Support.

Some IFRC psychological support programmes are for HIV carers. Red Cross Red Crescent volunteers assist people living with HIV through home-based care, supporting and teaching family members to care for sick relatives and how to avoid infection.

Caring for carers - many of who are HIV positive - is a necessity. These psychological support programmes teach carers how to deal with stress and prevent burnout.

Case study: Catchy condoms in Norway

In 2005 around 20,000 Norwegians got Chlamydia, and the HIV-numbers are increasing. On a global scale, Norwegian youths are among the most likely to have unprotected sex.

The Norwegian Red Cross Youth has distributed thousands of colourful condom packs with catchy messages to make young people think before having sex.

In 2006, hundreds of thousands of condoms were distributed in schools, youth clubs, streets, cafés, discos and sporting facilities. Young people aged 16-30 are encouraged to take a 'timeout' before having sex in order to make a choice about protection.

Case study: Volunteer contributions

The IFRC has almost 100 million volunteers worldwide.

Volunteers must be knowledgeable about HIV, commit to actions to prevent its spread and be aware of the appropriate policies and procedures that have to be put in place to fight against HIV.

The IFRC announces the total number of volunteer hours contributed to the HIV response each year. 


Case study: HIV prevention in the Aboriginal community through the Tipi of Courage

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 189 member National Societies. As part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, our work is guided by seven fundamental principles; humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality. About this site & copyright