Disaster preparedness tools

International Federation approach

The National Societies in cooperation with the IFRC should prioritise disaster preparedness and integrate into their overall programming efforts. Implementation of effective preparedness measures contribute towards building safer, resilient and better prepared households and communities, thus reducing existing and future risk and vulnerabilities. It is the role of the IFRC and their relevant...

Community preparedness

Community preparedness

Disaster preparedness provides a platform to design effective, realistic and coordinated planning , reduces duplication of efforts and increase the overall effectiveness of National Societies, household and community members disaster preparedness and response efforts . Disaster preparedness activities embeded with risk reduction measures can prevent disaster situations and also result in saving...

Early warning

Early warning

Early warning systems have limitations in terms of saving lives if they are not combined with “people-centred” networks. To be effective, early warning systems must be understandable, trusted by and relevant to the communities that they serve. Warnings will have little value unless they reach the people most at risk, who need to be trained to respond appropriately to an approaching hazard. The...

Better programming initiative

Better programming initiative

The better Programming Initiative (BPI) is an impact assessment tool developed by the International Federation and adapted from the Local Capacities for Peace Project (LCPP) . The BPI was born of the conviction that in communities affected by violence, well-planned humanitarian aid can support local capacities for recovery and reconciliation. The BPI methodology applies five analytical steps:...

Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA)

Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA)

Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) uses various participatory tools to gauge people’s exposure to and capacity to resist natural hazards. It is an integral part of disaster preparedness and contributes to the creation of community-based disaster preparedness programmes at the rural and urban grass-roots level. VCA enables local priorities to be identified and appropriate action taken t...

Well-prepared National Societies

Well-prepared National Societies

Well-prepared National Societies (WPNS) is a self-assessment tool that helps National Red Cross Red Crescent Societies recognize, prioritize and plan activities to improve their capacity for disaster management.

Contingency planning

Contingency planning aims to prepare an organization to respond well to an emergency and its potential humanitarian impact. Developing a contingency plan involves making decisions in advance about the management of human and financial resources, coordination and communications procedures, and being aware of a range of technical and logistical responses. Such planning is a management tool,...

Training for response

Training in disaster management

Disaster preparedness and response are two of the four core areas for focus in Strategy 2010 , the strategy document of the International Federation. This strategy guides the National Societies in their work and the Secretariat and delegations who support them and underlines the need for improving the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement ’s response to emergencies. The aim of disaster management...

Logistics preparedness

Logistics preparedness

Logistics preparedness is a key component of any disaster reduction effort. Planning is both necessary and practical, since it is generally possible to foresee the types of disasters that may affect a given location and the needs that such disasters will be likely to engender. Logistics preparedness must be based on the vulnerability and resource assessment. Based on the assessment of needs the...

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 189 member National Societies. As part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, our work is guided by seven fundamental principles; humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality. About this site & copyright